Python has been a growing programming language and it shows no signs of disappearing. It has grown more than any other language in recent years. Before its state of popularity today, it initially gained popularity among developers as it was an easy-to-learn language that requires fewer lines of code for executing certain tasks. You’ll find it in Web applications, desktop apps, network servers, machine learning, media tools and more.
As of now, Python 3.7.0b1 is currently under beta version with a lot of enhancements. It is covered almost all the applications of the world like internet/network, business, database, software, education, scientific/numeric and much more. Due to runtime errors and weakness in mobile computing, it is not much used in the mobile applications & also not in use for legacy complex data of the enterprises.
2. C# (C- Sharp)
Microsoft developed C# (in 2000) as a rival to Java and it’s a is a powerful, object-oriented programming language. C-sharp is utilized in developing desktop applications and more recently, Windows 8/10 applications and requires a .NET framework to function.
C# has a variety of features which makes it easier to learn for the beginners. The code is consistent, and logical as compared to C++. It is perfect for developing Web applications, desktop applications and also proved itself in VR, 2D, and 3D gaming. Cross-platform tools like Xamarin written in C# makes all devices compatible.
Swift (developed by Apple Inc) is a relatively new programming language released in 2014. If you want to get into IOS mobile development and Mac-OS applications, you should definitely consider Swift as a high-paid career path. Native apps have been found to outperform hybrid apps, and Sprite-Kit makes it even easier to build 2D games. It is considered an improvement in terms of usability and performance compared to Objective-C. s a statically typed language which means that XCode checks your errors for you, so your errors are easier to track down, and further, it operates faster.
It would not be wrong to state that C is the parent language of many modern languages, including the popular Java, which is derived from its syntax. C++ is a more dynamic language because its code is type-checked before it actually gets executed.
C++ is a highly efficient and flexible language. It has remained in high demand due to high performance, reliability, and the variety of contexts you can use it in.
A major difference between these languages is that C does not support encapsulation, polymorphism, and inheritance but C++ does support all of these.
It’s a new system-level programming language(developed by Mozilla Foundation), suited for performance-critical code. It is created with the purpose of avoiding the dangling pointers, buffer overflows or any other kind of memory errors.
For a beginner, it might be a bit of a struggle to pick up as it insists on various rules to achieve memory safety. However, experienced developers love it, and it’s quite possible that in the next few years Rust will be in very high demand.
PHP stands for Hypertext Preprocessor; is a general-purpose programming language and it is a very strong option for Web developers around the globe. Clearly, PHP is a scripting language, which runs on a server, and it is used to create webpages written in HTML. It is popular because it is free, cheap, easy to set up and simple to use for new programmers. It is widely used to create dynamic web page content, and images used on websites.
There are so many frameworks available in the PHP language like Laravel, CodeIgniter, CakePHP, Zend Framework 2 & so many others. It is run on any platform; the speed of the PHP programming language is much faster than others. It is not extremely modular for a larger application.
An open source, dynamic programming language, focused on simplicity and productivity, developed in mid-1990 in Japan. It was designed with themed of simplifying the programming environment and making more fun. With Ruby, you can build an application with fewer lines of code. But the challenge of Ruby is the dynamically typed language, it’s not easy to maintain and its flexibility makes it slow.
It is more powerful and more object-oriented than Perl and Python. To do better in Ruby language you must have prior knowledge of Ruby On Rails which is the main framework of Ruby.
‘The popular projects written in Ruby on Rails frameworks are GitHub, Airbnb, Twitch, Shopify and much more.
Objective-C (ObjC) is an object-oriented programming language. It is used by Apple for the OS X and iOS operating systems and their application programming interfaces (APIs). Objective-C is object-oriented, general purpose. You can call it hybrid C because of the features it adds to C programming language.
“Write once, run everywhere” :
Java is arguably the most popular programming language you’ve ever heard. Java has been the ruling programming language for the last 20 years.
Java is highly cross-platform compatible or platform independent. Since you can code anywhere (I mean on all devices), compile into low-level machine code, and finally, execute on any platform using JVM . The Java Virtual Machine (JVM) allows it to run on various devices and platforms.
Java has a huge class library for better empowerment. From Java SE 9 &OR JDK 9 (Standard Edition)(Java Development kit) an auto-updater release will be launched in which there is no need to have any user privilege to update Java. It is comparatively slow in performance and the look wise feel is completely dependent on the tool.
SQL stands for Structured Query Language and allows faster retrieving of a large number of database records. It includes storing, manipulating and retrieving data stored in a relational database.
SQL keeps data precise and secure, and it also helps in maintaining the integrity of databases, irrespective of its size.
However, If you are planning to opt for database management as your career, first go through C or C++. SQL developers are in great demand and are offered high pay scales by reputed organizations.
12. GO (GoLang)
Go (released in 2009) is an effort to combine the ease of programming of an interpreted, dynamically typed language with the efficiency and safety of a statically typed, compiled language. It also aims to be modern, with support for networked and multicore computing. Programs are assembled by using packages, for efficient management of dependencies. This language also supports the environment adopting patterns akin to dynamic languages.
It merges modern day developer workflow of working with Open Source projects and includes that in the way it manages external packages, has a powerful standard library and its code can be compiled in any platform or any server and application you work on.